Mon-Sat 11:00 AM - 1:00 PM | 5:00 PM - 6:00 PM

Male Infertility: Cause, Symptoms. Tests, and Treatment

Everything You Need to Know About Normal Delivery

Understanding male infertility is important for couples who want to start a family. Male fertility means the ability of a man to produce strong sperm that can combine with a woman's egg to produce a baby.

In this blog, we will learn what male infertility is, its similarities, symptoms of fertility problems, causes, who it affects, tests available, treatment options and what happens after treatment.

Let's discuss this in detail!

What is Male Infertility?

Male infertility means that a man can produce strong sperm that can join a woman's egg and produce a baby. This depends on how many good sperm he has and how well they move. When a man is fertile, his body works well to do so, increasing the chances of a woman getting pregnant.

How Common is Male Fertility?

Male fertility problems are more common than people think. Around 15% of couples worldwide have trouble getting pregnant, and in about 40% of these cases, the problem is the man's. This shows how important it is to know about and deal with male infertility concerns.

Read Also This Blog: What You Need To Know About IVF

Symptoms of Male Fertility Issues:

Male fertility problems can be challenging to identify because they often have subtle or no symptoms at all. But, there are some signs that may indicate there is a problem:

  1. Changes in Sexual Function: Changes in the way you have sex, such as trouble getting or maintaining an erection or difficulty finishing intercourse, could mean you may have difficulty conceiving a child.
  2. Pain or Swelling: If your testicles are painful or swollen, it could mean something is wrong, which could affect your ability to get pregnant.
  3. Recurrent Respiratory Infections: Some diseases that run in families can make it difficult to have children, and may cause babies to suffer from breathing problems.

Causes of Male Fertility Issues:

Male fertility problems can result from a variety of factors, including:

  1. Medical Conditions: Certain health problems, such as diabetes, infections, hormonal problems, and genetic disorders, can make it difficult for some people to get pregnant.
  2. Lifestyle Factors: Certain habits such as smoking, excessive drinking, drug use, being overweight, and being around harmful chemicals can make it difficult to conceive.
  3. Age: Older age can cause a decline in sperm quality and quantity.
  4. Environmental Factors: Pollution, radiation, and exposure to certain chemicals can harm infertility.

Related: 5 Lifestyle Factors That Cause Infertility in Men And Women

Who Does Male Fertility Affect?

Men of all ages and backgrounds can have fertility problems. Some things, such as ageing or genetics, cannot be changed. However, living a healthy life can reduce your chances of fertility problems. Both men and women need to know that it's not just women who have trouble conceiving. Men's reproductive health matters too, and it can affect how easily a couple can have a baby.

Therefore, it is very important that both partners get themselves checked and help each other if they are facing difficulties in conceiving a child.

Tests for Male Infertility:

Diagnosis of male infertility usually includes the following tests:

  • Semen Analysis: This test determines sperm count, motility, and morphology.
  • Hormone Testing: Blood tests check hormone levels important for sperm production.
  • Genetic Testing: Detects inherited problems affecting fertility.
  • Imaging Tests: Ultrasound and other imaging techniques identify structural issues in reproductive organs.

Related: Fertility Tests For Men And Women

Treatment Options for Male Infertility:

Treatment focuses on correcting underlying issues:

  • Medications: Hormonal therapy to improve sperm production.
  • Surgery: Corrects physical issues like varicocele or blockages.
  • Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART): Procedures like IVF or ICSI for conception assistance.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a healthy lifestyle enhances fertility.

After treatment, couples may need time to conceive. Regular follow-ups and lifestyle adjustments are crucial for boosting fertility.


In conclusion, men's fertility is crucial for family planning. Understanding the signs of fertility problems, their causes, and seeking appropriate help can significantly enhance the chances of conceiving children.

It's important to stay informed and consult with a fertility doctor if necessary. Making healthy lifestyle changes can also improve your chances of achieving parenthood.

With patience, persistence, and the right approach, overcoming fertility challenges as a man is achievable. Pursue your dream of fatherhood with determination and proper guidance.

Schedule a Consultation

Book Your Appointment!

Please enter your full name.
Please enter a valid mobile number.
Please enter your message.

Gurgaon's Best IVF Doctor

Dr. Bindu Garg in News

YouTube thumbnail of Dr. Bindu Garg's IBN7 IVF asha ki Nayi Kiran Explanation Video
Thumbnail of Dr. Bindu Garg's New age parenting Explanation Video
YouTube thumbnail of Dr. Bindu Garg's ABP News IVF & Infertility treatments tricks Explanation Video

Feel free to ask any questions

Most Frequently Asked Questions

When a man is fertile, his body works well to produce healthy sperm. This sperm can join the woman's egg, leading to pregnancy.

Signs of male infertility include normal sexual function, absence of testicular pain or swelling, and the ability to maintain an erection and ejaculate without difficulty during intercourse.

Men are most fertile in their late teens and early 20s. Fertility begins to decline gradually after age 30, and there is generally a greater decline in fertility after age 40.

Antioxidant-rich foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains may promote sperm health. Additionally, foods rich in zinc, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D support sperm production and motility.

Symptoms of weak sperm may include a low sperm count, poor sperm motility (movement), abnormal sperm shape, and difficulty ejaculating or erectile dysfunction.

Healthy sperm is usually creamy white or brown in colour. This colour indicates normal sperm production and quality, which is essential for fertility and successful conception.

You can check your sperm count at home using a sperm count test kit available in pharmacies. Follow the instructions on the kit to collect a semen sample and analyze your sperm count.

If you drink too much water or ejaculate too much, sperm can become watery. Not drinking enough water, having low testosterone or taking certain medications can also cause this. It's best to see a doctor to find out the cause.

Yes, even if the sperm thickens, it can still make a woman pregnant. The way the sperm looks does not always prevent it from fertilizing the egg.

Healthy sperm are normally shaped, move well, and have a high number. These factors increase the likelihood of successful conception.