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Infertility & Its Treatment

"Infertility & its Treatment" (left), and a man & a woman smiling together. (right).

Becoming a parent can be a joyous journey, but for some people, it comes with challenges. Infertility, difficulty conceiving despite trying, is a common concern. Understanding this complex issue is the first step toward finding a solution. In simple words, infertility can affect both men and women due to various reasons like irregular menstruation, low sperm count, or lifestyle factors.

This article uncovers the types of infertility, exploring its causes, symptoms, and methods of diagnosis. Whether you're curious or facing these challenges, gaining information about infertility can pave the way for making informed decisions on your fertility journey.

Did You Know?

  • Almost one in every seven couples faces challenges in conceiving.
  • If a woman under 40 and her partner have unprotected sex regularly (every 2 or 3 days), more than 8 out of 10 couples will conceive naturally within a year.

What are the Different Types of Infertility?

Understanding each type of infertility is important for individuals and couples struggling with the complexities of fertility challenges. Whether facing primary or secondary infertility or dealing with the mystery of unexplained infertility, getting support and information is an important step toward making informed decisions on the journey to parenthood.

Primary Infertility

Primary infertility refers to the inability to conceive after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. Couples who experience this type often face challenges in achieving a successful pregnancy.

Secondary Infertility

Secondary infertility occurs when people who have previously conceived and given birth to a child struggle to conceive again. It offers unique emotional and therapeutic views.

Unexplained Infertility

Unexplained infertility is a complicated condition where couples face difficulty conceiving despite thorough testing, leaving the specific cause unidentified. It adds complexity to the fertility journey, requiring personalized approaches and support.

Symptoms of Infertility in Men and Women

It is important to recognize these symptoms to seek timely guidance and understand potential fertility challenges, including:

Symptoms of Infertility in Female

  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Painful intercourse
  • Changes in menstrual bleeding

Symptoms of Infertility in Male

  • Low sperm count
  • Abnormal sperm function
  • Testicular factor

Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

Female Factor

  • Ovulation disorders: Irregular or absent ovulation.
  • Uterine or cervical abnormalities: Structural problems in the uterus or cervix.
  • Endometriosis: Tissue growth outside the uterus that affects fertility.

Male Factor

  • Low sperm count: Insufficient sperm production.
  • Abnormal sperm function: Problems related to sperm motility or morphology.
  • Testicular factors: Problems affecting sperm production.

Lifestyle Factors for both

  • Smoking and alcohol: Negative effects on fertility.
  • Poor diet and obesity: Unhealthy lifestyle choices.
  • Stress: Interferes with reproductive hormones.

How is Infertility Treated?

Infertility treatment depends on why it's happening and what you want. Your age, how long you've been trying to have a baby, and what you like are important in deciding which treatment is best. Sometimes, only one person needs treatment, but other times, both partners need help.

For many couples facing infertility, there is a good chance of getting pregnant with the right help. Things like taking medication, having a minor operation, or using assisted reproductive technology (ART) can really help. Sometimes, making changes to your lifestyle or having sex more often at the right time can also increase your chances of getting pregnant. Treatment may involve trying a combination of these methods.

Infertility Treatment Options for Men and Women

Infertility Treatment Options for Women

  • Ovulation Induction: This involves the use of medications such as clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins to stimulate the ovaries and increase egg production.
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): This procedure involves placing sperm directly into the uterus during the woman's fertile period, increasing the chances of fertilization.
  • In vitro Fertilization (IVF): IVF is a more advanced procedure where eggs and sperm are combined outside the body, and the resulting embryos are transferred into the uterus.
  • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): In cases of male infertility, where sperm quality is an issue, ICSI may be performed during IVF. It involves injecting a sperm directly into the egg to facilitate fertilization.
  • Egg Donation: For women with poor egg quality or ovarian function, using eggs from a donor may be an option.
  • Surrogacy: In cases where a woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to term, a surrogate may be used to carry the pregnancy forward on her behalf.
  • Laparoscopic Surgery: Surgical procedures may be recommended to address problems such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or blocked fallopian tubes.

Infertility Treatment Options for Men

  • Lifestyle Changes: Adopting a healthy lifestyle including a balanced diet, regular exercise and avoiding substances such as tobacco and excessive alcohol can have a positive impact on sperm quality.
  • Medications: Some medications may be prescribed to improve sperm production and quality.
  • Surgical Interventions: Surgical procedures may be recommended to correct issues such as varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum) or repair blocked sperm ducts.
  • Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART):
    • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): As mentioned earlier, ICSI can be used during IVF to address male infertility.
    • Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE): If there is a problem with sperm production or transport, sperm may be extracted directly from the testicles.
    • Donor Sperm: In cases of severe male infertility, using donor sperm for fertilization may be considered.

Common Fertility Treatments

Some couples may need extra help to have a baby, and this is where assisted reproductive technology (ART) comes in. ART involves fertility treatments where doctors help with sperm or eggs. To improve your chances of getting pregnant, you can take medications that stimulate the release of the egg before trying one of these options:

  • In vitro fertilization (IVF): IVF is a process where doctors take eggs from your ovaries and mix them with sperm in the laboratory. After sperm fertilizes the eggs, one to three of these fertilized eggs, called embryos, are placed in your uterus by a healthcare provider.
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): This procedure can be done during the IVF process. An embryologist injects a sperm directly into each egg. Then, the provider transfers one to three embryos into your uterus.
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI): A healthcare provider uses a long, thin tube to place the sperm directly into your uterus. IUI is sometimes called artificial insemination.
  • Assisted hatching: A procedure that involves opening the outer layer of the embryo to make it easier for it to implant into the lining of your uterus.
  • Third-party ART: Couples can use donor eggs, donor sperm, or donor embryos. Some couples need a gestational carrier or surrogate.

Complications of Treatment

  • Higher chance of multiples: Your chances of having more than one baby at a time are higher if you release multiple eggs or have more than one embryo placed inside you during fertility treatment. However, having more than one child increases the chances of problems like miscarriage, babies being born prematurely, low birth weight and even some long-term health problems for the babies.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): A condition in which fertility medications result in pain and swelling in the ovaries. This can be serious and requires immediate medical attention.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: IVF increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Failed cycles: Failed cycle occurs when you undergo infertility treatment and it does not end in pregnancy.

When Should You Seek Help for Infertility?

If you have been actively trying to conceive for a year without success (if you are under 35) or after six months (if you are 35 or older), you may be considered infertile. You should consider getting help. If you are aware of specific fertility problems, such as irregular menstrual cycles or known reproductive health concerns, it is advisable to seek help first.

Additionally, couples with a history of repeated miscarriages or individuals with conditions affecting fertility should consult a health care professional for guidance and assistance in achieving a successful pregnancy. Seeking help from a fertility specialist can provide information about possible causes of infertility and guide you to appropriate treatment or intervention.

What Should I Ask My Doctor?

  • Should I go to a fertility specialist?
  • Should both my partner and I get tested for fertility problems?
  • Based on my partner’s age and my age, when should we check for fertility issues?
  • What is the right treatment for us?
  • What is the success rate of infertility treatment?
  • What are the side effects or risks of the treatment?
  • Should I pay attention to symptoms of complications?

An Important Note from Dr. Bindu Garg

Facing infertility can be really difficult and emotionally draining, especially when you are eager to have a family. This can affect your relationships and overall well-being. It's a good idea to ask for help from a healthcare provider if you've been trying without success. They can find out the causes and talk to you about ways to improve your chances of getting pregnant. Although it may take time, many couples eventually become parents. Some people may explore fertility treatments or adoption as alternative ways to expand their family.


Q1. What is the main treatment for infertility?

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), are the primary treatment for infertility, addressing fertility challenges.

Q2. What is the most successful treatment for infertility?

Assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) are often the most successful treatments for infertility.

Q3. Can infertility be cured forever?

Infertility can be addressed with medical intervention, but a guaranteed permanent cure may not be universally attainable.

Q4. Which infertility cannot be treated?

Infertility can be treated, but lasting cure depends on the underlying cause, and success varies from person to person.

Q5. How can I check my fertility?

Consult a fertility specialist, get tested, track menstrual cycles, assess lifestyle factors and discuss concerns with a healthcare professional.

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Gurgaon's Best IVF Doctor

Dr. Bindu Garg in News

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Feel free to ask any questions

Most Frequently Asked Questions

Her 42+ years of experience in fertility treatments, expertise in IVF, IUI, and ICSI, high success rates, and patient satisfaction make her the best IVF specialist in Gurgaon.

Dr. Bindu Garg has over 42 years of rich experience in the field of infertility treatment and reproductive medicine.

Dr. Garg specializes in a wide range of fertility treatments including IVF, IUI, ICSI, Egg Freezing, Surrogacy, Cryopreservation, Fertility Workup, Obs-Gyn Treatment, Normal Delivery, C-Section, PCOS, PCOD, Myomectomy, Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopic. Surgery, and much more.

Dr. Bindu Garg is known for her experience, impressive success rates, and high patient satisfaction. She has received many awards, such as the Six Sigma Healthcare Excellence Award, Mahatma Gandhi Samman, Swasth Bharat Samman, India News Award, and 'The Haryana Ratan Award. This makes her an excellent IVF specialist in this field.

Dr. Garg conducts a thorough initial consultation, addressing medical history, discussing concerns, and outlining individualized treatment plans.

Dr. Bindu Garg has a success rate of over 80% in Invitro Fertilization treatment, resulting in positive results for many couples facing fertility challenges.

Yes, Dr. Bindu Garg stays updated with the latest advances in reproductive technology, ensuring that her patients have access to cutting-edge and complete effective treatments.

Dr. Bindu Garg prioritizes patient confidentiality and implements strict measures to protect the sensitive nature of fertility treatments.

Dr. Bindu Garg's Neelkanth Infertility and IVF Hospital provides comprehensive support services, including counseling, educational resources, medical facilities, emergency services, and a compassionate team to guide and care for patients through their fertility journey.

The duration of an IVF cycle varies; it typically takes around 6-8 weeks.

She explores alternative treatments and discusses various options if In vitro fertilization proves unsuccessful, tailoring the approach to each patient's specific circumstances.

She prioritizes open communication, thoroughly discussing potential risks, side effects, and options with her patients before any treatment begins.

IVF Specialist Dr. Bindu Garg carefully evaluates the risks and benefits of multiple embryo transfers, keeping in mind the best interests of both the patient and the potential child.

Yes, she provides fertility preservation options for individuals facing medical treatments that may impact their fertility.

The cost of fertility treatments varies depending on individual treatment plans; you can get detailed cost estimates during the consultation.

She prioritizes accessibility for her patients, providing emergency consultation and support as needed throughout the treatment process.

She ensures comprehensive care and follow-up services after treatment, monitoring the progress of her patients and addressing any concerns that may arise.

Prospective patients can easily schedule a consultation with Dr. Bindu Garg by contacting her hospital through phone, email, or the online appointment booking system on

List Of Best IVF Doctors in Gurgaon - 1. Dr. Bindu Garg. Infertility Specialist, IVF Doctor, Gynecologist, Obstetrician 2. Dr. Anjali Bugga- OB-GYN, Fertility Expert 3. Dr. Nutan Agarwal -Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist 4. Dr. Meenakshi Dua -OB/GYN, Infertility Doctor 5. Dr. Geeta Baruah-Obs-Gyne, Fertility Expert 6. Dr. Sonu Balhara Ahlawat - Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Infertility Doctor 7. Dr. Alka Kriplani, -OB/GYN, Infertility Specialist 8. Dr. Meenu Handa- Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Fertility Expert 9. Dr Ila Gupta - Obs-Gyne, Infertility Doctor 10. Dr. Alka Gupta -Gynecologist, Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist

Dr. Bindu Garg is highly regarded as the best IVF doctor in Gurgaon. Patient testimonials, success rates, and personal experiences contribute significantly to a doctor's reputation. Dr. Bindu has 4.8 Ratings out of 5 on Google which shows she is the best.